Ngorongoro Crater and Conservation Area
Ngorongoro crater, however more correctly a caldera, is the world largest inactive, un flooded and unbroken caldera. It is 19.2km in diameter and 604 metres deep. The whole Ngorongoro Cnservation Area , including the crater is 8,292 sq km in size and altitudes within it vary from 1,020 to 3,587 metres. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area boasts the finest blend of landscapes, wildlife, people and archeological sites in Africa. The crater was once part of a chain of seven volcanoes that spewed their ash over the surrounding country side. Now only one of the volcano 40 km away, remains active – Oldeinyo Lengai which means the mountain of God in the Maasai language.
Some 50,000 Masasai people live in the conservation area where they were resettled and promised permanent rights to land and water, but since the 1970s they are forbidden living in the crater itself. Today, Ngorongoro is defined as a multiple usage area where the indigenous people , visitors and wildlife are protected. What makes this place more unique